The English language knows distinctions in the word "Geschlecht" which are not covered in the same way in the German language.
There is the term "sex" for the biologically defined aspects, such as chromosome structure, hormone endowment, gonads or the primary and secondary sex characteristics. "Gender" refers to the socially, culturally, economically and politically defined aspects, the entire complex of gender roles with all corresponding attributions, expectations and connotations.
Gender therefore does not refer directly to physical gender characteristics; the term gender describes everything that is regarded in a culture, in a society as typical for a particular gender (e.g. clothing, occupation, characteristics, but also expectations and patterns of action, etc.). The socially and culturally shaped gender is thus learned and thus changeable.
Gender, gender roles and gender attributions have an effect in all areas of our society - including paid employment and unpaid domestic and family work and the associated demands on transport and energy systems.
Author: Bente Knoll
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